RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a dynamic routing protocol that falls under the distance vector type. It shares routing information using a hop count as its metric, which is limited to a maximum of 15 hops. There are three versions of RIP.

  • Version 1 transmits full updates every 30 seconds using broadcast.
  • Version 2 supports partial, triggered updates and uses multicast.
  • RIPng supports IPv6

RIP is a slow routing protocol compared to other Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) like OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS. Even though it’s not commonly used anymore, it is still a great routing protocol to start with if you are new to networking.